不灭的焱

革命尚未成功,同志仍须努力

作者:php-note.com  发布于:2018-10-27 13:03  分类:Linux软件安装/优化 

先查看先前的文章:Ubuntu 14 编译安装 PHP 5.4.45 + Nginx 1.4.7 + MySQL 5.6.26 笔记

 

特别注意:

有时候,明明设置了 nginx 开机自启动,但是 nginx 网站就是网络不了,,,根本原因是 nginx 自启动失败,重启报如下错误:

$ sudo /etc/init.d/nginx restart

Stopping nginx: nginx: [alert] kill(982, 15) failed (3: No such process)
nginx already running....

杀死旧进程时,提示 进程不存在,,,启动的时候,又说早已启动过(正在运行中),,,

很显然 上次电脑关机的时候,nginx没有正常关机过,即 进程id 文件还在

$ ll /alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/logs/nginx.pid
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4 11月 23 15:05 /alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/logs/nginx.pid

把这个 文件删除掉,重新启动 nginx 就可以了!!!

 




 

编译 Nginx

#安装依赖库
sudo apt-get -y install libpcre3 libpcre3-dev
sudo apt-get -y install libssl-dev openssl libcurl4-openssl-dev
sudo apt-get -y install build-essential libtool
 
#安装pcre库
cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/nginx
sudo tar -xzvf ./pcre-8.36.tar.gz
cd ./pcre-8.36
sudo ./configure
sudo make && sudo make install
 
#安装zlib库
cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/nginx
sudo tar -xzvf ./zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
cd ./zlib-1.2.8
sudo ./configure
sudo make && sudo make install
 
#安装ssl
cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/nginx
sudo tar -xzvf ./openssl-1.0.1e.tar.gz
cd openssl-1.0.1e
 
#添加nginx用户组及用户
#sudo groupadd www
#sudo useradd -g www -s /usr/sbin/nologin www #不让www用户直接登录
 
#安装nginx
cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/nginx
sudo tar -xzvf ./nginx-1.14.0.tar.gz
cd ./nginx-1.14.0
sudo mkdir /alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14
 
sudo ./configure \
--prefix=/alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14 \
--user=wenjianbao \
--group=wenjianbao \
--sbin-path=/alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/nginx \
--conf-path=/alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/conf/nginx.conf \
--pid-path=/alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/logs/nginx.pid \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-http_realip_module \
--with-pcre=/alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/nginx/pcre-8.36 \
--with-zlib=/alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/nginx/zlib-1.2.8 \
--with-openssl=/alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/nginx/openssl-1.0.1e
 
sudo make && sudo make install
 
#复制配置文件
sudo cp -rf /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/config/nginx-1.14/nginx.conf  /alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/conf/nginx.conf
  
#创建虚拟主机配置文件目录
sudo mkdir /alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/conf/vhost
  
#设置权限
sudo chmod -R +x /alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14
sudo chown -R wenjianbao:wenjianbao /alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14
  
#设置开机自动启动
sudo cp -rf /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/config/nginx-1.14/nginx.init /etc/init.d/nginx
sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx #添加执行权限
sudo update-rc.d nginx defaults

#sudo service nginx start #启动nginx
sudo /etc/init.d/nginx start

文件 /etc/init.d/nginx 的内容:

#!/bin/bash  
# nginx Startup script for the Nginx HTTP Server  
# it is v.0.0.2 version.  
# chkconfig: - 85 15  
# description: Nginx is a high-performance web and proxy server.  
#              It has a lot of features, but it's not for everyone.  
# processname: nginx  
# pidfile: /var/run/nginx.pid  
# config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf  
  
#注意:这里的三个变量需要根据具体的环境而做修改。  
nginxd=/alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/nginx
nginx_config=/alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/conf/nginx.conf  
nginx_pid=/alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/logs/nginx.pid  

RETVAL=0  
prog="nginx"  
  
# Check that networking is up.  
[ -x $nginxd ] || exit 0  
# Start nginx daemons functions.  
start() {  
if [ -e $nginx_pid ];then  
   echo "nginx already running...."  
   exit 1  
fi  
   echo -n $"Starting $prog: "  
   $nginxd -c ${nginx_config}  
   RETVAL=$?  
   echo  
   [ $RETVAL = 0 ]    
   return $RETVAL  
}  
# Stop nginx daemons functions.  
stop() {  
  echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "  
  $nginxd -s stop  
  RETVAL=$?  
  echo  
  #[ $RETVAL = 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/nginx $nginx_pid  
  rm -f /var/lock/subsys/nginx $nginx_pid 
}  
# reload nginx service functions.  
reload() {  
  echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "  
  kill -HUP `cat ${nginx_pid}`  
  RETVAL=$?  
  echo  
}  
# See how we were called.  
case "$1" in  
  start)  
          start  
          ;;  
  stop)  
          stop  
          ;;  
  reload)  
          reload  
          ;;  
  restart)  
          stop  
          start  
          ;;  
  status)  
          status $prog  
          RETVAL=$?  
          ;;  
  *)  
          echo $"Usage: $prog {start|stop|restart|reload|status|help}"  
          exit 1  
esac  
exit $RETVAL

编译 PHP

#!/bin/bash

##################################################
### 1、安装 依赖库
##################################################
# 安装 C/C++编译器
sudo apt-get -y install gcc build-essential make

# 安装依赖库
sudo apt-get -y install libxml2-dev libjpeg-dev libpng-dev libfreetype6-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev pkg-config libfreetype6-dev autoconf

#安装 libmcryp
cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/php/
sudo tar -xzvf ./libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd ./libmcrypt-2.5.8
sudo ./configure --prefix=/usr
sudo make && sudo make install
  
#安装 mhash
cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/php/
sudo tar -xzvf ./mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
cd ./mhash-0.9.9.9
sudo ./configure --prefix=/usr
sudo make && sudo make install
  
#安装 mcrypt
sudo /sbin/ldconfig  #搜索出可共享的动态链接库
cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/php/
sudo tar -xzvf ./mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd ./mcrypt-2.6.8
sudo ./configure
sudo make && sudo make install
  
#安装 libiconv
cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/php/
sudo tar -xzvf ./libiconv-1.15.tar.gz
cd ./libiconv-1.15
sudo ./configure --prefix=/usr
sudo make && sudo make install 

#安装bzip2
cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/php/
sudo tar -xzvf ./bzip2-1.0.6.tar.gz
cd ./bzip2-1.0.6
sudo make && sudo make install

#安装libcurl
sudo apt-get -y install libcurl4-gnutls-dev 
sudo ln -s /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/curl /usr/include/curl

#安装OpenSSL
sudo apt-get -y install libssl-dev 
sudo ln -s /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libssl.so /usr/lib

#重新安装 低版本的 OpenSSL 1.0.1e
cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/php
tar -xzvf ./openssl-1.0.1e.tar.gz
cd openssl-1.0.1e
sudo ./config --prefix=/usr/local --openssldir=/usr/local/openssl
sudo make
sudo rm -f /usr/bin/pod2man # 否则会报错:POD document had syntax errors at /usr/bin/pod2man line 69. make: *** [install_docs]
sudo make install

##################################################
### 2、安装 PHP php-5.6.38
##################################################
cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/php/
sudo tar -xzvf ./php-5.6.38.tar.gz
cd ./php-5.6.38
  
#生成配置
sudo ./configure \
--prefix=/alidata/server/php/php-5.6 \
--with-config-file-path=/alidata/server/php/php-5.6/etc \
--with-openssl \
--with-zlib \
--with-bz2 \
--with-gd \
--with-jpeg-dir \
--with-png-dir \
--with-gettext \
--with-mhash \
--with-freetype-dir \
--with-mcrypt \
--with-iconv \
--with-curl \
--with-xmlrpc \
--with-pdo-mysql \
--with-mysqli \
--enable-zip \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-mbregex \
--enable-bcmath \
--enable-soap \
--enable-sockets \
--enable-ftp \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--enable-shmop \
--enable-sysvmsg \
--enable-sysvsem \
--enable-sysvshm \
--enable-pcntl \
--enable-fpm \
--with-fpm-user=wenjianbao \
--with-fpm-group=wenjianbao \
--without-pear

  
#编译安装
sudo make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'
sudo make install
  
##################################################
### 3、配置 php.ini
##################################################
#cp ./php.ini-production /alidata/server/php/php-5.6/etc/php.ini
sudo mv /etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini.old
sudo cp -rf /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/config/php-5.6/php.ini  /alidata/server/php/php-5.6/etc/
sudo ln -s /alidata/server/php/php-5.6/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini
  
##################################################
### 4、配置 php 命令行
##################################################
sudo rm /usr/local/bin/php
sudo rm /usr/local/bin/phpize
sudo rm /usr/local/bin/php-config

sudo ln -s /alidata/server/php/php-5.6/bin/php /usr/local/bin/php
sudo ln -s /alidata/server/php/php-5.6/bin/phpize /usr/local/bin/phpize
sudo ln -s /alidata/server/php/php-5.6/bin/php-config /usr/local/bin/php-config

##################################################
### 5、配置 php-fpm
##################################################
#拷贝模板文件为php-fpm配置文件
#sudo cp /alidata/server/php/php-5.6/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /alidata/server/php/php-5.6/etc/php-fpm.conf 
sudo cp -rf /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/config/php-5.6/php-fpm.conf /alidata/server/php/php-5.6/etc/

  
#设置 php-fpm 开机启动,拷贝php-fpm到启动目录
#sudo cp -rf /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/config/php-5.6/php-fpm.init  /etc/init.d/php-fpm 
sudo cp -rf /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/php/php-5.6.38/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm  /etc/init.d/php-fpm
sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fpm #添加执行权限
sudo update-rc.d php-fpm defaults #设置开机启动
  
#sudo service php-fpm start  #启动php-fpm
#sudo service nginx restart  #重启nginx
sudo killall php-fpm  # 关闭 php-fpm
sudo /etc/init.d/php-fpm start
sudo /etc/init.d/nginx restart 
 
  
sudo cp -rf /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/index.php  /alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/html/
sudo chmod -R +x /alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/html/
sudo chown -R wenjianbao:wenjianbao /alidata/server/nginx/nginx-1.14/html/

编译PHP遇到的问题:

 (1) 编译 PHP,configure时报错:configure: error: Cannot find OpenSSLs evp.h

解决方案:

sudo apt-get -y install libssl-dev
sudo ln -s /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libssl.so  /usr/lib

参考:http://blog.windigniter.com/2016/05/php-openssl-evp/

(2) 编译 PHP,configure时报错:configure: error: Please reinstall the libcurl distribution - easy.h should be in <curl-dir>/include/curl/

解决方案:

sudo apt-get -y install libcurl4-gnutls-dev
sudo ln -s /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/curl /usr/include/curl

参考:Compiling php with curl, where is curl installed ?

for 64 bit ubuntu 17.** and after, curl is moved to /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/curl, so just make a symlink cd /usr/include sudo ln -s x86_64-linux-gnu/curl

(3) 编译 PHP,configure时报错:configure: error: freetype-config not found

解决方案:

sudo apt-get -y install libfreetype6-dev

(4) 编译PHP,make时报错:

Makefile:594: recipe for target 'ext/openssl/openssl.lo' failed
make: *** [ext/openssl/openssl.lo] Error 1

解决方案:

(a) 怀疑 openssl 的版本过高,当前版本为 

wenjianbao@wjb-pc:~$ openssl version
OpenSSL 1.1.0e  16 Feb 2017

(b) 重新安装低版本  OpenSSL 1.0.1e

cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/php
tar -xzvf ./openssl-1.0.1e.tar.gz
cd openssl-1.0.1e
sudo ./config --prefix=/usr/local --openssldir=/usr/local/openssl
sudo make
sudo rm -f /usr/bin/pod2man # 否则会报错:POD document had syntax errors at /usr/bin/pod2man line 69. make: *** [install_docs]
sudo make install

(5) 编译PHP,make时报错:

Makefile:271: recipe for target 'sapi/cli/php' failed
make: *** [sapi/cli/php] Error 1

(a) 方法一:vim Makefile

在安裝 PHP 到系统中时要是发生「undefined reference to libiconv_open'」之类的错误信息,那表示在「./configure 」沒抓好一些环境变数值。错误发生点在建立「-o sapi/cli/php」是出错,没給到要 link 的 iconv 函式库参数。 解决方法:编辑Makefile 大约77 行左右的地方: EXTRA_LIBS = ..... -lcrypt 在最后加上 -liconv,例如: EXTRA_LIBS = ..... -lcrypt -liconv 然后重新再次 make 即可。

(b) 【推荐】方法二:make 命令后,追加 liconv,即

sudo make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'

编译 MySQL

#!/bin/bash
  
# 安装 依赖库
sudo apt-get -y install make cmake gcc g++ bison openssl libssl-dev  libncurses5-dev
  
# 创建 数据 文件夹
sudo mkdir -pv /alidata/data/mysql
sudo mkdir -pv /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/conf
sudo mkdir -pv /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/log
sudo mkdir -pv /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/tmp
sudo touch /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/log/mysql.pid
sudo touch /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/log/mysql.err
  
# 创建 mysql 用户及用户组(直接用当前登录账号:wenjianbao:wenjianbao)
#groupadd mysql
#useradd -g mysql -s /usr/sbin/nologin mysql # 不让 mysql 用户直接登录

# 解压 mysql-5.6.42
cd /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/source2/mysql
sudo rm -rf ./mysql-5.6.42
sudo tar -xzvf ./mysql-5.6.42.tar.gz
cd ./mysql-5.6.42
  
# 设置 权限
sudo chown -R wenjianbao:wenjianbao  ../mysql-5.6.42
  
# 生成 配置
sudo cmake \
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6 \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/alidata/data/mysql \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_unicode_ci \
-DWITH_READLINE=1 \
-DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1 \
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \
-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_DEBUG=0
  
# 安装
sudo make 

# 设置 权限(不然,会报没有写入权限)
sudo chown -R wenjianbao:wenjianbao ../mysql-5.6.42 
sudo chmod -R 777 ../mysql-5.6.42 
sudo chown -R wenjianbao:wenjianbao /alidata/server/mysql/
sudo chmod -R 777 /alidata/server/mysql/

# 继续安装
make install
  
# 复制 配置文件
#cp ./support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
#sudo mv /etc/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf.$(date "+%Y-%m-%d.%s")
 
sudo cp -rf /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/config/mysql-5.6/my.cnf /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/conf/
sudo ln -s /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/conf/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf
  
# 设置 权限
sudo chmod -R 755 /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6
sudo chmod -R 777 /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/log
sudo chmod -R 777 /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/tmp

sudo chown -R wenjianbao:wenjianbao /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6
sudo chown -R wenjianbao:wenjianbao /alidata/data/mysql
  
# 设置 开机自动启动
# cp ./support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
sudo cp -rf /alidata/tmp/deepin-sdk/config/mysql-5.6/mysqld.init /etc/init.d/mysqld
 
sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld #添加执行权限
sudo update-rc.d mysqld defaults
#sudo service mysqld start #启动mysql
sudo /etc/init.d/mysqld start
  
# 添加 mysql 的软链接以适应 init 脚本
sudo ln -sv /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/bin/mysql  /usr/sbin/mysql
sudo ln -sv /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/bin/mysqladmin  /usr/sbin/mysqladmin
sudo ln -sv /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/bin/mysqldump  /usr/sbin/mysqldump
  
# 初始化 数据库
sudo /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/scripts/mysql_install_db \
--user=wenjianbao \
--basedir=/alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6 \
--datadir=/alidata/data/mysql
  
# 启动 mysql
sudo killall mysqld
#sudo service mysqld start
sudo /etc/init.d/mysqld start
  
# 修改 root 密码
# 注意:先输入旧密码(默认为空密码),然后让你输入新密码(123456)
# /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/bin/mysqladmin -u root -p password

运行 MySQL 报错

wenjianbao@wjb-pc:/alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/bin$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysqld start
[....] Starting mysqld (via systemctl): mysqld.serviceJob for mysqld.service failed because the control process exited with error code.
See "systemctl  status mysqld.service" and "journalctl  -xe" for details.
 failed!

为了更清晰地看最近出错日志,我把原已有的日志文件 ./log/mysql.err 给删除了,结果因为上面报错,一直不生成错误日志文件(mysql.err)

解决方案:

不走服务启动,直接通过原有的命令行启动:

wenjianbao@wjb-pc:/alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/bin$ ./mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf --user=wenjianbao
171005 23:00:38 mysqld_safe Logging to '/alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/log/mysql.err'.
171005 23:00:38 mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /alidata/data/mysql
171005 23:00:40 mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /alidata/server/mysql/mysql-5.6/log/mysql.pid ended

看上面的输出,貌似产生了错误日志,赶紧看看去!!!

 

 

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