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革命尚未成功,同志仍须努力下载JDK17

作者:Albert.Wen  添加时间:2024-03-15 18:19:04  修改时间:2024-05-22 16:28:38  分类:Linux软件安装/参数优化  编辑

问题描述:

在 CentOS 7 上,安装运行 node v18.19.1 时,报错:

nvm install v18.19.1

查看版本,报错:

[root@CentOS-A ~]# node -v
node: /lib64/libm.so.6: version `GLIBC_2.27' not found (required by node)
node: /lib64/libc.so.6: version `GLIBC_2.25' not found (required by node)
node: /lib64/libc.so.6: version `GLIBC_2.28' not found (required by node)
node: /lib64/libstdc++.so.6: version `CXXABI_1.3.9' not found (required by node)
node: /lib64/libstdc++.so.6: version `GLIBCXX_3.4.20' not found (required by node)
node: /lib64/libstdc++.so.6: version `GLIBCXX_3.4.21' not found (required by node)

解决方案:

升级glibc 2.17至2.28

 


一、glibc 2.17升级至2.28

[root@CentOS-A ~]# strings /lib64/libc.so.6 | grep GLIBC
GLIBC_2.2.5
GLIBC_2.2.6
GLIBC_2.3
GLIBC_2.3.2
GLIBC_2.3.3
GLIBC_2.3.4
GLIBC_2.4
GLIBC_2.5
GLIBC_2.6
GLIBC_2.7
GLIBC_2.8
GLIBC_2.9
GLIBC_2.10
GLIBC_2.11
GLIBC_2.12
GLIBC_2.13
GLIBC_2.14
GLIBC_2.15
GLIBC_2.16
GLIBC_2.17

下载、编译、安装

# 新建本地的一个临时目录
mkdir ~/tmp

# 下载安装包
wget -c http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/glibc/glibc-2.28.tar.gz

# 解压
tar -zxvf glibc-2.28.tar.gz

# 编译、安装
cd glibc-2.28
mkdir build
cd build
../configure --prefix=/usr --disable-profile --enable-add-ons --with-headers=/usr/include --with-binutils=/usr/bin 
make
make install

../configure时报错:

checking if gcc -B/usr/bin/ is sufficient to build libc... no
checking for nm... nm
checking for python3... no
checking for python... python
configure: error: 
*** These critical programs are missing or too old: compiler
*** Check the INSTALL file for required versions.

通过上面的报错,看到很多显示no和bad信息的都是版本不够

二、gcc版本不够,那就升级它,原来是4.8.5,给它升级到8.2.0

[root@CentOS-A ~]# gcc -v
使用内建 specs。
COLLECT_GCC=gcc
COLLECT_LTO_WRAPPER=/usr/libexec/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/4.8.5/lto-wrapper
目标:x86_64-redhat-linux
配置为:../configure --prefix=/usr --mandir=/usr/share/man --infodir=/usr/share/info --with-bugurl=http://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla --enable-bootstrap --enable-shared --enable-threads=posix --enable-checking=release --with-system-zlib --enable-__cxa_atexit --disable-libunwind-exceptions --enable-gnu-unique-object --enable-linker-build-id --with-linker-hash-style=gnu --enable-languages=c,c++,objc,obj-c++,java,fortran,ada,go,lto --enable-plugin --enable-initfini-array --disable-libgcj --with-isl=/builddir/build/BUILD/gcc-4.8.5-20150702/obj-x86_64-redhat-linux/isl-install --with-cloog=/builddir/build/BUILD/gcc-4.8.5-20150702/obj-x86_64-redhat-linux/cloog-install --enable-gnu-indirect-function --with-tune=generic --with-arch_32=x86-64 --build=x86_64-redhat-linux
线程模型:posix
gcc 版本 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-44) (GCC)

下载、安装 gcc8.2.0

yum -y install wget bzip2 gcc gcc-c++ glibc-headers bison

# 下载安装包
wget -c https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/gnu/gcc/gcc-8.2.0/gcc-8.2.0.tar.gz

# 解压
tar -zxvf gcc-8.2.0.tar.gz

cd gcc-8.2.0

# 下载gmp mpfr mpc等供编译需求的依赖项
./contrib/download_prerequisites

# 2024-03-17 23:42:56 URL: ftp://gcc.gnu.org/pub/gcc/infrastructure/gmp-6.1.0.tar.bz2 [2383840] -> "./gmp-6.1.0.tar.bz2" [1]
# 2024-03-17 23:44:05 URL: ftp://gcc.gnu.org/pub/gcc/infrastructure/mpfr-3.1.4.tar.bz2 [1279284] -> "./mpfr-3.1.4.tar.bz2" [1]
# 2024-03-17 23:44:15 URL: ftp://gcc.gnu.org/pub/gcc/infrastructure/mpc-1.0.3.tar.gz [669925] -> "./mpc-1.0.3.tar.gz" [1]
# 2024-03-17 23:44:31 URL: ftp://gcc.gnu.org/pub/gcc/infrastructure/isl-0.18.tar.bz2 [1658291] -> "./isl-0.18.tar.bz2" [1]
# gmp-6.1.0.tar.bz2: OK
# mpfr-3.1.4.tar.bz2: OK
# mpc-1.0.3.tar.gz: OK
# isl-0.18.tar.bz2: OK


# 不能在source目录下configure,必须在上一层的目录下
mkdir build
cd build
../configure --prefix=/usr/local/gcc-8.2.0 --enable-bootstrap --enable-checking=release --enable-languages=c,c++ --disable-multilib 
make  #【注意】这一步执行时间,至少花了1.5个小时,慢慢等等吧!!!
make install

# 写配置文件
echo -e '\nexport PATH=/usr/local/gcc-8.2.0/bin:$PATH\n' >> /etc/profile.d/gcc.sh && source /etc/profile.d/gcc.sh

# 导出头文件
ln -sv /usr/local/gcc-8.2.0/include/ /usr/include/gcc

# 使配置生效
ldconfig -v  

# 导出验证
ldconfig -p | grep gcc

# 查看版本
gcc -v
[root@CentOS-A build]# gcc -v
Using built-in specs.
COLLECT_GCC=gcc
COLLECT_LTO_WRAPPER=/usr/local/gcc-8.2.0/libexec/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/8.2.0/lto-wrapper
Target: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
Configured with: ../configure --prefix=/usr/local/gcc-8.2.0 --enable-bootstrap --enable-checking=release --enable-languages=c,c++ --disable-multilib
Thread model: posix
gcc version 8.2.0 (GCC)

三、GNU Make版本从 3.82 升级到 4.2.1

查看当前版本:

make -v

# GNU Make 3.82
# Built for x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu
# Copyright (C) 2010  Free Software Foundation, Inc.
# License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>
# This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
# There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

下载、安装 make 4.2.1

# 下载安装包
wget -c https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/make/make-4.2.1.tar.gz

# 解压
tar -zxvf make-4.2.1.tar.gz

# 安装
cd make-4.2.1

# 建立编译目录
mkdir build
cd build

# 执行
../configure --prefix=/usr

# 执行完,这里需要编译,会生成build.sh文件,然后执行这个文件
sh build.sh

# 然后安装
make install

# 然后就安装完成了,查看版本
make -v

# GNU Make 4.2.1
# Built for x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
# Copyright (C) 1988-2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
# License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>
# This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
# There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

四、好了,继续搞glibc的升级

cd /root/tmp/glibc-2.28/build
../configure --prefix=/usr --disable-profile --enable-add-ons --with-headers=/usr/include --with-binutils=/usr/bin
make
make install
# make install 时,输出的结果
......
LD_SO=ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 CC="gcc -B/usr/bin/" /usr/bin/perl scripts/test-installation.pl /root/tmp/glibc-2.28/build/
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lnss_test2
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
Execution of gcc -B/usr/bin/ failed!
The script has found some problems with your installation!
Please read the FAQ and the README file and check the following:
- Did you change the gcc specs file (necessary after upgrading from
  Linux libc5)?
- Are there any symbolic links of the form libXXX.so to old libraries?
  Links like libm.so -> libm.so.5 (where libm.so.5 is an old library) are wrong,
  libm.so should point to the newly installed glibc file - and there should be
  only one such link (check e.g. /lib and /usr/lib)
You should restart this script from your build directory after you've
fixed all problems!
Btw. the script doesn't work if you're installing GNU libc not as your
primary library!
make[1]: *** [Makefile:111: install] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory '/root/tmp/glibc-2.28'
make: *** [Makefile:12: install] Error 2

# 【注意】这上面的问题可以忽略

 

ls -l /lib64/libc.so.6

# 最后,来看看我们的结果吧
strings /lib64/libc.so.6 | grep GLIBC

输出:

GLIBC_2.2.5
GLIBC_2.2.6
GLIBC_2.3
GLIBC_2.3.2
GLIBC_2.3.3
GLIBC_2.3.4
GLIBC_2.4
GLIBC_2.5
GLIBC_2.6
GLIBC_2.7
GLIBC_2.8
GLIBC_2.9
GLIBC_2.10
GLIBC_2.11
GLIBC_2.12
GLIBC_2.13
GLIBC_2.14
GLIBC_2.15
GLIBC_2.16
GLIBC_2.17
GLIBC_2.18
GLIBC_2.22
GLIBC_2.23
GLIBC_2.24
GLIBC_2.25
GLIBC_2.26
GLIBC_2.27
GLIBC_2.28
GLIBC_PRIVATE

五、解决问题:node: /lib64/libstdc++.so.6: version `CXXABI_1.3.9' not found (required by node)

wget -c https://cdn.frostbelt.cn/software/libstdc%2B%2B.so.6.0.26
cp libstdc++.so.6.0.26 /usr/lib64/
cd /usr/lib64/
ln -snf ./libstdc++.so.6.0.26 libstdc++.so.6

 

 

参考:

  1. glibc 2.17升级2.28,gcc 4.8.5升级9.2.0,GNU Make 3.82 升级到4.2.1,安装bison
  2. Linux|编译安装报错|ImportError: /lib64/libstdc++.so.6: version `CXXABI_1.3.9‘ not found的解决方案